Sacred 2:Damage Mitigation
The Basics of Damage Mitigation
The Damage Mitigation is an extremely important aspect in Sacred 2 Fallen Angel and its expansion, Ice and Blood. In essence, it means that a certain part of the damage the player takes is completely omitted before any other damage calculations begin (armor rating, resistances, etc.).
Damage mitigation usually appears in two types: single element and multi-element. Single element damage mitigation means only one type of damage mitigation, like "Damage mitigation: Fire 7.8%". Multi-element damage mitigation usually looks like this:
"Damage mitigation: Physical +25.8%"
"Damage mitigation: Magic +15.0%"
"Damage mitigation: Fire +15.0%"
"Damage mitigation: Poison +15.0%"
"Damage mitigation: Ice +15.0%"
as a trait on the same item.
Obtaining Damage Mitigation
Damage mitigation can be obtained in several ways:
1) Through an innate ability of an item
3) Through the Toughness skill
Availability of Damage Mitigation as an Item Modifier
Damage mitigation may be obtained through items. Single element damage mitigation may spawn on some Standard Armor (magic and rare), Set and Unique items, often without any skill prerequisite. Multi-element damage mitigation may spawn on rare, set and unique items. Usually the set and unique items do not require a prerequisite skill to access their innate damage mitigation trait. Rare items, on the other hand, require Armor Lore skill for items under level 75, as the ones found in the Ice and Blood expansion or Armor Lore Mastery skill for items of level 75 and up.
Single or multi-element damage mitigation doesn't show on all armor types. It never shows on a robe-looking armor. Low-grade damage mitigation based on Armor Lore mastery shows at light armors - these are armors that do not look like each characters' plate armors and tend to provide less damage mitigation. Mid and High-grade damage mitigation shows up on heavy chest armors like the High Elf's Pearl Armor, the Dryad's Ivy Armor, the Seraphim's Ancient Armor, the Shadow Warrior's Enforcer Armor, and so on. The same goes for the shoulder armor of the same suits.
There is also a "mid-high" grade damage mitigation, which shows up on certain set items, and is better than the general mid-grade damage mitigation but is outclassed by a little paint by the high-grade damage mitigation trait.
"Stacked" damage mitigation trait means that 2 types of damage mitigation traits have been stacked in one item, thus providing substantially higher Damage mitigation output. This could mean multi-element + multi-element and multi-element + single element (usually physical) damage mitigation. An example: If the low grade damage mitigation is 11.0%, the mid grade is 13.0% and the high grade is 15.0%. Mid-high in this case would mean a number between 13.1% and 14.9%. It is found on various set items and is built-in. It also scales with the difficulty this item has been found in.
Availability of Damage Mitigation in Combat Arts
In Sacred 2, various buffs and combat arts provide certain damage mitigation. An example is the Inquisitor's Purifying Chastisement buff with Inure mod. Inure mod provides 9.9% + 0.1% per CA level damage damping, which in essence is 10% Multi-element Damage mitigation. Another example is the Temple Guardian's Jolting Touch Combat art with the Shelter mod. Shelter mod provides reduction of incoming damage while active (25% + 0.5% per CA level damping).
This is a list of Combat Arts that provide Damage Mitigation (some will require modifications to be taken first):
Dragon Familiar - Provides Damage Mitigation: Fire
Incandescent Skin - Provides Damage Mitigation: Fire
Cascading Shroud - Provides Damage Mitigation: Physical
Crystal Skin - Provides Damage Mitigation: Ice
Purifying Chastisement - Provides Damage Mitigation: All types
Ruinous Onslaught - Provides Damage Mitigation: All types
Grim Resilience - Provides Damage Mitigation: Physical
Jolting Touch - Provides Damage Mitigation: All types
Archimedes Beam - Provides Damage Mitigation: All types
Fiery Ember - Provides Damage Mitigation: Ice
Icy Evanescence - Provides Damage Mitigation: Fire
Damage that Cannot be Mitigated
Although damage mitigation can make a character near-immortal, there are ways to circumvent it.
"Additional damage" a character receives through Life Leech is NOT mitigated. In essence, this means that even if a character has 100% multi-element damage mitigation, if he/she gets successfully hit by an attack that has life leeching capabilities, he/she will not receive any damage from the attack, but the additional damage will hit him/her to its fullest extent. That is a very important thing to grasp when utilizing damage mitigation items. Life Leech is a damage type unto itself, separate from any of the five main elemental damage types, and there is no protection from it. The two modifiers which cause Life Leech damage are:
Damage Over Time (DoT) is another type of attack that ignores Damage Mitigation. The only way to reduce damage over time is to use a Recovery Elixir or modifiers designed to resist DoT, such as Damage over Time: Poison -X%. In Ice and Blood, some enemies can launch devastating attacks that use damage over time, making Damage Mitigation less overpowered.
An easier way to understand damage mitigation is to convert it to "Virtual Hitpoints". With the exception of life leech and DoT combat arts, multichannel mitigation can be considered as virtual hitpoints. In essence, that means that if a player with 50% mitigation can take double the damage before they die, at 66.7% mitigation they can take 3 times the damage, at 80% 5 times, and at 90% 10 times the damage. The formula for this equation is as follows:
virtual_life = (life *100)/(100-mitigation%)
An in-depth analysis will provide this interesting conclusion:
One may start to wonder if he/she still needs Constitution. It looks like a waste if the player can reach mitigation values above 60% without Toughness. So one may ask him/herself: With only one choice - Toughness or Constitution, what would be the breakpoint in mitigation to take Toughness and not Constitution?
Example: If we put mitigation from Toughness at 15% on a certain skill level and say that Constitution doubles the hitpoints at the same level:
virtual_life = (life*2*100)/(100-mitigation)
So Constitution is better if:
100-mitigation-30 > 0
70 > mitigation
So if the mitigation without toughness is below 70% constitution would be the better choice.